Now the technological progress of automobile parts is not simply reflected in the improvement of product performance, but more in the arrangement and combination of many parts. From the perspective of technology sources in the auto parts industry, some technologies come from within the industry and many from outside the industry. For example, the penetration of digital and electronic technologies into the auto parts industry has greatly changed the automobile industry Parts are traditionally understood as mechanical structures. The integration of auto parts technology is mainly manifested in two aspects, one is the modularization of parts, and the other is the penetration of new materials and technologies.
I. Modularity of auto parts
Modularity refers to the combination of components and subsystems. It refers to the combination of components and systems in a car into a highly integrated large component with multiple functions. Taking Delphi's modular doors as an example, it integrates multiple subsystems and components such as electric doors and windows, anti-theft, rear-view mirror adjustment, lights, side airbags, and audio. Modularity not only bears part of the design and manufacturing responsibilities, but also reduces the cost burden of the OEM, enabling the OEM to focus more on improving vehicle performance.
At present, the better modularization is done by companies such as Volkswagen, Delphi and Toyota. The development and supply of modular systems will also be the development trend of auto parts. Therefore, China should also step up research and development on the modularization of auto parts to support the vehicle in more ways. At present, the Passat produced by Shanghai Volkswagen No. 3 Factory has taken the lead in achieving modular assembly, forming four major modules-door, cab, powertrain, and front module. Each module has been tested at the end of assembly to ensure electrical And mechanical reliability of the system.
2. Penetration of new materials and new power technologies
From the perspective of materials science, the impact of new materials on auto parts is undoubtedly huge. The use of new materials will further improve the mechanical properties of parts and components, the weight reduction of the vehicle, and the safety and reliability of the vehicle. For example, improving the strength and toughness of automotive structural materials to make them more robust and reliable. In the event of a traffic accident such as a collision or rollover, the degree of damage can be minimized to ensure the safety of passengers. The lightening of parts can not only save energy and reduce emissions, but also improve the performance of the entire vehicle.
From the perspective of new power technology, the exhaustion of traditional energy will definitely promote the development of new energy technology. The current new energy power technology is also a topic that has been hotly debated recently. With the introduction of the "New Energy Vehicle Plan" in China, the "Electric Vehicle Industry Alliance" formed by 16 central enterprises and 6 companies including IBM, Eaton Corporation and Foton Motor The "Sustainable New Energy International Alliance" formed by Chinese and foreign companies has been established one after another, and new energy power technology will definitely have a long-term significant impact in the automotive industry.
With energy-saving, low-carbon, environmental protection, and safety becoming the main front trends of automobile development, major parts and components companies in the world have shifted their main attack direction from large-scale effects to arming the automobile industry with new technologies, new materials, and new technologies. China's parts and components should also continue to develop new products in key areas such as new technologies, new materials, and new technologies to seize the commanding heights of competition.